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The Python tool interface is based on a Jupyter Notebook. As of Alteryx Designer 2018.4, the Python tool can create logs for its web configuration. The frequency of these logs can be increased by switching on the debugging log level. Note that output file will be bigger and that it will impact Python tool performance in Designer.
With the Python Tool, Alteryx can manipulate your data using everyone’s favorite programming language - Python! Included with the tool are a few of pre-built libraries that extend past even the native Python download. This allows you to extend your data manipulation even further than one could ever imagine. The libraries installed are listed here - and below I’ll go into a bit more detail on what and why these libraries are so useful.
Each library is well documented, and there’s usually an introduction or examples on their sites to get you started on how a basic function in their library works.
ayx – Alteryx API – simply enough, we’re using Alteryx, sooo yea, kind of a requirement for the translation between Alteryx and Python.
jupyter – Jupyter metapackage – If you’ve used a Jupyter notebook in the past, you’ll notice the interface for the Python Tool is similar. This interface allows you to run sections of code outside of actually running the workflow, which makes understanding and testing your data that much easier.
matplotlib – Python plotting package – Any charting, plotting, or graphical needs you would want will be in this package. This provides a great deal of flexibility for whatever you want to visualize.
numPy – NumPy, array processing for numbers, strings, records, and objects – Native Python processes data in what some would call a cumbersome way. For instance, if you wanted to make a matrix, a.k.a. a 4x4 table, you would need to create a list within a list, which can slow processing a bit. However, NumPy has its own “array” type that fits the data in this matrix pattern that allows for faster processing. Additionally, it has a bunch of methods of handling numbers, strings, and objects that make processing a whole lot easier and a whole lot faster.
pandas – Powerful data structures for data analysis, time series, and statistics – This is your staple for handling data within Alteryx. Those who have used Python, but never pandas, will enter a whole new beautiful world of data handling and structure. Data manipulation within Python is faster, cleaner, and easier to code with. The best part about it is that the Python Tool will read in your Alteryx data as a pandas data frame! Understanding this library should be one of the first things to know when tackling the Python code.
requests – Python HTTP for Humans – for all the connector/Download Tool fans out there. If any of you are familiar with making HTTP requests (API calls and the like), then you should introduce yourselves to this package and explore how Python performs these requests.
scikit-learn – a set of Python modules for machine learning and data mining – Welcome to the world of machine learning in Python! This library is your go-to for statistical and predictive modeling and evaluation. Any crazy and wild methods you’ve learned for machine learning will most likely be found here and can really push the boundaries of data science.
scipy – Scientific Library for Python – all your scientific and technical computing can be found here. This library builds off the packages already installed here, like numPy, pandas, and matplotlib. Dealing with mathematical models and formulae are usually located within this library and can help provide that higher level analysis of your data.
six – Python 2 and 3 compatibility utilities – For those who are unfamiliar, Python versions come in 2 forms, version 2.x and 3.x (with 3.x being the most recent). Now, even though Python 3 is supposed to be the latest and greatest, there are still many users out there who prefer using Python 2. Therefore, integration between the two is a bit tricky with syntax differences, etc. The six module provides functions that are usable between the two so everyone can remain calm and happy! Their documentation is usually coupled with which version the functions most closely align to, so a user can get a better idea to its functionality.
SQLAlchemy – Database Abstraction Library – SQL in Python! Covers all your database needs from connecting to and extracting data, allowing it to interact with your Python code and thus, Alteryx itself.
statsmodels – statistical computations and models for Python – This library builds off sci-kit learn but focuses more on statistical tests and data exploration. Additionally, it utilizes R-style formulae with pandas data frames to fit models!
These are the libraries installed with the Python Tool, which can do almost any data function imaginable. Of course, if you’re looking to do something that these libraries don’t provide, there are myriad other Python libraries that I’m sure will help you with your use case. Most of these are also well documented in how to use so search away and let your mind float away in the beautiful cosmos created by Python.
When your Python libraries don't work the way they should in Python tool, restoring the tool to it's original state could be the solution. This article walks through how to restore Python libraries and the virtual environment associated with the Python tool.